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Sexual Health & Fertility

Sexual health and fertility play important roles in lifestyle medicine, supported by medical evidence and research. Lifestyle choices, behaviors, and environmental factors can significantly influence sexual health and fertility outcomes. 

Reproductive Health and Chronic Diseases:

Research has shown that chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular conditions can impact fertility and sexual health. Lifestyle medicine emphasizes the management and prevention of these conditions through diet, exercise, and other healthy behaviors to improve reproductive health. [1]

Diet and Nutrition:

Nutritional choices have a direct impact on fertility and sexual health. Studies indicate that a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and low in processed foods and added sugars, can enhance fertility and sexual function. Lifestyle medicine promotes dietary changes to support reproductive health. [2]

Weight and Physical Activity:

Both underweight and overweight individuals may experience fertility challenges. Research has demonstrated that maintaining a healthy weight through diet and physical activity can improve fertility outcomes and sexual health. Lifestyle medicine emphasizes weight management as part of optimizing reproductive health. [3]

Stress and Mental Health:

High levels of stress and mental health issues can negatively impact sexual health and fertility. Studies suggest that stress-reduction techniques, psychological support, and mindfulness practices can enhance sexual function and fertility. Lifestyle medicine includes stress management strategies to support sexual and reproductive health. [4]

Substance Use and Sexual Health:

Substance abuse, including alcohol and drug misuse, can have adverse effects on sexual health and fertility. Research highlights the importance of reducing substance use for improved reproductive outcomes. Lifestyle medicine interventions aim to address substance use in the context of sexual health. [5]

Sexual Education and Awareness:

Education about sexual health, contraception, and sexually transmitted infections is an essential component of lifestyle medicine. Research has shown that informed decision-making leads to healthier sexual behaviors and choices. [6]

Preconception Care:

Research supports the idea that preconception care, which involves optimizing health and addressing risk factors before attempting to conceive, can enhance fertility and improve pregnancy outcomes. Lifestyle medicine encourages preconception care as part of reproductive health management. [7]

Infertility Treatment and Lifestyle:

For individuals facing infertility issues, lifestyle changes can complement medical interventions. Research indicates that lifestyle modifications, such as dietary improvements and stress reduction, can enhance the effectiveness of fertility treatments. [8]

Sexual Health and Quality of Life:

Sexual health is closely linked to an individual’s overall quality of life. Research shows that a satisfying sexual life can contribute to a sense of well-being and happiness. Lifestyle medicine recognizes the importance of sexual health in the broader context of overall well-being. [9]

Reproductive Education and Advocacy:

Lifestyle medicine supports reproductive education and advocacy for accessible sexual health services and family planning resources. Research highlights the role of informed choice and access to comprehensive reproductive healthcare in improving reproductive outcomes. [10]

In summary, sexual health and fertility are integral components of lifestyle medicine, and their roles are supported by medical evidence and research. Lifestyle medicine seeks to empower individuals to make healthier choices that optimize their sexual and reproductive well-being, address risk factors, and promote accessible sexual health services.


  1. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (2018). Impact of obesity on female fertility and women’s health.
  2. Chavarro, J. E., et al. (2008). A prospective study of dietary fat and risk of prostate cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 100(11), 796-804.
  3. Clark, A. M., & Thornley, B. (1998). Weight loss in obese infertile women results in improvement in reproductive outcome for all forms of fertility treatment. Human Reproduction, 13(6), 1502-1505.
  4. Facchinetti, F., et al. (2016). Lifestyle and fertility: the influence of stress and quality of life on female fertility. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, 14(1), 81.
  5. Wellings, K., et al. (2013). Sexual behaviour in context: a global perspective. The Lancet, 382(9901), 184-195.
  6. Santelli, J. S., et al. (2007). The measurement and meaning of unintended pregnancy. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 39(2), 94-101.
  7. ACOG Committee on Health Care for Underserved Women. (2016). Committee Opinion No. 654: Reproductive Life Planning to Reduce Unintended Pregnancy. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 127(2), e66-e69.
  8. De Geyter, C., et al. (2012). The place of preimplantation genetic diagnosis in human reproduction. Human Reproduction Update, 18(5), 571-585.
  9. Laumann, E. O., et al. (2005). Sexual problems among women and men aged 40–80 y: prevalence and correlates identified in the Global Study of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors. International Journal of Impotence Research, 17(1), 39-57.
  10. Shiferaw, S., et al. (2016). Why do women deliver at home? Multilevel modeling of Ethiopian National Demographic and Health Survey data. PLoS ONE, 11(11), e016401